Acronyms
Coined Words
Etymologies
Euphemisms
Figures of Speech
Malapropisms
Palindromes
Portmanteaus
Figurative and Metaphorical use of context
Transmogrifications
Latin and Greek roots

Sentence Structure
1.1 Identify and correctly use prepositional phrases, appositives, and independent and
dependent clauses; use transitions and conjunctions to connect ideas.
Grammar
1.2 Identify and correctly use verbs that are often misused (e.g., lie/lay, sit/set, rise/raise),
modifiers, and pronouns.
Punctuation
1.3 Use a colon to separate hours and minutes and to introduce a list; use quotation marks
around the exact words of a speaker and titles of poems, songs, short stories, and so
forth.
Capitalization
1.4 Use correct capitalization.
Spelling
1.5 Spell roots, suffixes, prefixes, contractions, and syllable constructions correctly.